paper—vulture is conceived due to my love of bookbinding and papers. I vividly remembered the scene in the paper atelier where everybody were scavenging for the paper, just like vultures. Years ago, I was given nearly three hundred pieces of assorted papers and I believe in paying it forward. Hence, I will document about the paper given to me and how I bind them as gifts to others.

Tri-colour cotton string,
Ladder Stitch

A customised gift for a junior leaving abroad to study, a tri-coloured strings are used and at the end of the bind, the strings were plaited to form a book string possible to use as a book wrap.


An earth-toned theme, mixing 3 different tone for each signature's cover. Bonded into an A5 booklet with polyester string via ladder stitching.

Ladder Stitch,
Polyester String

Skin-tone translucent paper,
Textured paper,
Polyester String

Building on the translucent+opaque theme, I mixed a skin tone translucent paper with a highly textured paper as the 2nd layer and the result was spectacular. It looked like a real human skin book cover.

Translucent Paper Cover & Back
Ladder Stitch,
Polyester String

Mixing translucent paper with core maple white paper, the combination between the colours comes off very serene and pleasant; Whereas, the combination between the translucent and opaque paper created a very interesting texture to the book.


30pp graph paper with an experimental mix of 2 Chinese binding. I read up and realised that only the Koreans uses 5 holes as they like odd numbers more. The green is Kangxi 5-hole Stitching and the mustard is the Tortoise-Shell Binding. I thought using the marking on the graph paper to mix this 2 ancient binding together would be interesting. 

30pp, Kangxi Stitch +
Tortoise-Shell Binding cotton string,
Korean 5 hole stitching,
Graph Paper


Reusing graph paper, I trimmed them and bonded them. New books for the new year! Back in the days, I've always wondered why are there 2 types of graph paper, a darker green line ones and the lighter green line ones. Comes in 2 signature and 3 signature respectively.

12.5cm  x 20.5cm, Graph Paper, 
60pp and 40pp, Nylon string,
Regular Binding


Using unused blank sketching book with rusty staplers, I took the usable paper and rebinded it. I also frayed the top and trimmed the papers in irregular sizes to make it more dynamic and tactile interesting.

60 pages, Kettle Stitch,
Wood-free 80gsm
White Cotton string

3 booklet each 60pp of brown paper that is of different property front and backside. Creation was to practice binding.

A5-sized, Experimental Coptic  Stitch 
White polyester string
Dual tone brown paper, 60pp


Tried out a new binding from the Japanese Book Binding Instructions Book. Inside the book, I chose to practice the binding for ancient ledger booklet called the Daifuku Cho. I used 3 coloured strings (colours of Tibetan Culture) to bind. This is my first try and definitely more to come.

A6-sized, Daifuku Cho Binding
3 coloured cotton strings


As a gift for my cousin to New Zealand, I've binded an A5, 128 pages book, using experimental kettle stitching. I chose softer paper colours to suit my cousin's taste. However, I've used thicker stocks for this handmade book to ensure it will be able to last for field trips.

A5-sized, Experimental Kettle Stitch,
Off white nylon string,
3 different paper stocks


To commentate the start of something new, I decided to bind myself an A6-sized little notebook.

A6-sized, Regular binding,
3 Signature, Ivory paper stock


For a dear friend's birthday, I've tried binding with experimented 3-coloured strings bind and brown kraft paper with frays leaving out as an accents. 

A6-sized, 6 Signature,
Brown kraft paper,
3 coloured cotton string